Buchanan County Sheriff's Office
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Buchanan County consists of 573 square miles and has a population of approximately 21,000. Within the county are eleven incorporated cities and two unincorporated towns, six major parks, twenty-one nature areas and five river accesses with the Wapsipinicon River running straight through the county.
The earliest history information for the Sheriff’s Office dates back to 1902 when the law enforcement for the county consisted of the Sheriff and one deputy. Their office was a room located in the old Courthouse. In 1939, Buchanan County built the existing Courthouse where the Sheriff, his deputy and a clerk had a small one-room office. As time passed, the number of deputies increased to keep up with the need to fight crime. In 1976, the Sheriff’s Office moved to the Buchanan – Independence Public Safety Center which is attached to the north side of the courthouse. In July of 2010, the Buchanan County Sheriff's Office began operating out of its new building which was constructed on the south side of the Buchanan County Courthouse. The new building houses the Sheriff's Office as well as the Communications Center and Correctional Center (jail).
The Buchanan County Sheriff's Office provides police protection and enforces local, state and federal laws for eight of the eleven incorporated communities as well as all of rural Buchanan County. The communities are Aurora, Brandon, Hazleton, Lamont, Quasqueton, Rowley, Stanley and Winthrop. The three remaining towns, Fairbank, Independence and Jesup have their own municipal law enforcement agencies.
Buchanan County is a member of the Rural Area Interdiction Detail (R.A.I.D.), a multi-jurisdictional drug and crime task force. The Task Force, which is operated out of Buchanan County, also includes the Benton, Delaware and Fayette County Sheriff's Offices and the Independence Police Department. The Sheriff's Office has three Deputies that are D.E.A. certified Clandestine Lab Investigators.