IRVM is a systematic process of applying various techniques to provide cost-effective and environmentally safe management of vegetation along public rights-of-way. This management program promotes diverse plant communities such as long-lived native prairie species. Important goals of IRVM include maintaining a safe travel environment, controlling noxious weeds and soil erosion, sustaining water quality, improving wildlife habitat, and providing the public with aesthetically pleasing roadsides.
Furthermore, IRVM can be defined as a long term approach to vegetation management that:
- Systematically evaluates each area to be managed.
- Determines which plant communities best fit the area.
- Develops procedures that will encourage, enhance or re-establish native plant communities.
- Provides self-sustaining, diversified, visually interesting vegetation.
- Keeps safety and an improved environment as priorities.
- Utilizes the most beneficial methods to prevent or correct undesirable situations caused by disturbance or less than optimum vegetative ground cover.